Faculty of Social & Administrative Pharmacy

Officers:

Acting Chairman, Dr. N.A.E. Mohammed

nae7mohammed@gmail.com 

+2348038073595

NAEM Consulting, 5 Chijioke okagu Street, Vintage Estate, Lagos-Epe Expressway,

Lekki-Epe Expressway ,Lagos 

Acting Secretary, Ukamaka Gladys Okafor 

Ukamaka.okafor@pcn.gov.ng

chinaemelum9291@yahoo.com

+2348033253463

+2348079792588

Director, Lagos Zonal Office, Pharmacy Council of Nigeria.

                                                                                         

Dr. N.A.E. Mohammed, Acting Chairman                                                            Ukamaka Gladys Okafor, Acting Secretary

 

  Faculty of Social & Administrative Pharmacy Curriculum


    PART ONE

S/N

CODE

COURSES

CONTENT

UNITS

1

PCP 101

Pharmaceutical Care I

Data collection and evaluation, drug therapy problems, Development, Implementation and Monitoring of care plans.

2

2

PCP 102

Pharmacy Management

Functions of management, human resources management, Financial and time management, Leadership, Management tools and their application to pharmacy

6

3

PCP 103

Inferential Biostatistics

Hypothesis testing, exploring differences between groups, t-test paired and unpaired, ANOVA, and their non parametric equivalents (Mann Whitney test, Kruskal Wallis etc), student t-test, exploring relationships: Pearson’s correlation, Chi squared test. Making predictions: regression; factor analysis. Biocomputation and use of statistical packages.

6

4

PCP 104

Research Methodology I

Conceiving (characteristic and development) research, literature search, study design, systematic reviews and meta analysis. Project/research management, referencing, proposal writing.

6

5

PCP 105

Advanced Communication Skills

Cross cultural communications; Emphatic listening; Assertiveness; Perception and its role in communication; Conflict management; Interview techniques and Skills; Negotiation skills; Advocacy skills and practices; Public education techniques and skills; Public speaking; Writing skills; Communication strategies across diverse audiences; Communication program models; Evaluation techniques for communication programs in health and pharmacy.

4

 6

PCP

151

Pharmacoeconomics

Basic pharmacoeconomic Concepts; Pharmacoeconomics as a tool for making choices; Pharmacoeconomic Evaluation Methods: Cost minimization analysis, Cost benefit analysis, Cost utility analysis, Cost effectiveness analysis, Direct and indirect health costs, Quality of life evaluation, Applications of pharmacoeconomics. Economic analyses of pharmaceutical products and services; Outcomes management and assessment of therapy & service.

6

7

PCP

152

Financial Management

Sources and Uses of Funds; Financial Fundamentals- Profit & Loss, Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Statements; Book keeping; Tax and insurance planning; Preparing and using financial budgets; Financial Value chain optimization; Setting up the Accounting Department (Financial accounting, Management accounting, Treasury management); Technology in finance; Understanding vital retail financial statistics; Payables and Receivables Management; Working capital Management; Evaluating investment opportunities

2

8

PCP

153

Formulation and Delivery of Medicines

Formulation techniques/Biopharmaceutic, Drug delivery systems-modified-release, rate-controlled delivery systems and Drug Targeting, Polymorphism in the pharmaceutical industry (formulation, stability, bioavailability).

2

9

PCP

154

Sociology and Psychology of Health

Social & Legal Concept of Pharmacy Practice. Personalities and Human Behavior. Psychological Perspectives on Industrialization. Determinants of Health. Health beliefs, Patient behavior to Health, Disease and medication, Health and Wellness, Provider – Patient Interactions. Terminally ill, Illness and Dying: The role of Healthcare personnel, Euthanasia. Medicines use in the extremes of age and among the vulnerables, Youth and Risk behaviors

4

10

PCP

251

Health and Drug Policy

Policy- overview; Policy formulation process; Policy Analysis; Law and Policy; Enactment Processes; Legal aspects; Health Policy; National Drug Policy: Components of National Drug Policy; Implementation and Monitoring; International (ECOWAS) Health and Drug Policies

4

11

PCP

252

Formulary Management and Drug Utilization Review

Concepts in Development and Management of Formularies; Program Medicine; Medicines and Therapeutic Committee Activities: Identification of regimen, Selection of Specific Drugs, Provision of the right information, Administration/Consumption of Drug; Drug Use Evaluation, Monitoring effectiveness, Education and Evaluation; Drug Utilization Review

2

12

PCP

253

Pharmacy Informatics

Introduction to Pharmacy informatics and Telepharmacy; Introduction to current ICT applications in pharmacy practice (Health information system, Electronic Medication Administration, Electronic and Personal Health Records, Computerized Provider Order Entry, Clinical Decision Making, Pharmacy automation (Automated Dispensing & Labelling), Inventory Management, Bar Coding, Radio Frequency Identification, Robotics; Selecting Pharmacy Management Software; Book keeping with Microsoft Excel- Application in Pharmacy (Hands on Class); Website and its management. Application in Pharmacy Practice (Hands on). Case Studies

4

13

PCP

254

Ethnopharmacy & Complementary Therapy

Natural Sources of Medicines; Formulation, Standardization and Evaluation of Herbal Medicines and nutraceuticals; Herbal Medicines and nutraceuticals in Current Use; Clinical Application of Herbal Medicine; Interactions with food and preparations; Alternative/Complementary Therapies

4

14

PCP

255

Logistics and Supply Chain Management

Principles of supply chain management, Logistic cycle, Logistics Planning, Selection, Quantification, Procurement, Distribution, Inventory Management, Storage, Logistics Management Information System.

 Appraising drug supply and health care systems.

Visit to pharmacy departments (medical stores) involved in drug supply management for experiential learning

4

15

PCP

200

Seminar

 

Presentation on selected topics.

 

4

16

PCP

201

Residency I

Experiential Learning

4*

 

Total

64

 

*1 unit is equivalent to 8 hours of experiential learning

 

     Part Two

S/N

CODE

TITLE

CONTENT

UNITS

1

PCP

301

Research Methodology II

Measurements, Experimental/Questionnaire design, sample size, methods and techniques, data analysis, result presentation, discussion and conclusion. Report writing, grantsmanship.

4

2

PCP

351

Quality Management Systems

Characteristics of a TQM System, Validation and the Cost of Quality, Assuring Product Quality, Total Quality Culture, Quality Management Relationships, Organization for Quality Improvement, Quality Improvement Project Road Map,  Overview of Management Procedures of ISO 17025:2017 IEC.

Overview of QMS. Process Performance and Product Quality Monitoring System, Relationship between ICHQ10 and ISO 9000 family. Quality Audits and Inspections –Benefits of Audits and Inspections, Attributes of a Good Audit/Inspector, Six Systems Approach to GMP Inspections/Audits, Introduction to Quality System Inspection  Techniques (QSIT), Overview of Audit Process.

2

3

PCP

352

Strategic Management

Introduction to the concept of Strategic Management (Definitions, benefits of Strategic Management; Strategic Planning, etc); The basis of Strategy: Organizational Structure; Levels and Types of Strategy; The Strategic Planning Process (Analysis of the Internal and external Environment, Strategy Formulation – VMOSA Approach, Strategic Management Frameworks, Strategy Implementation); Strategy Evaluation:  Strategy review, evaluation and control. Strategic Management examples in Pharmacy organisations

4

4

PCP

353

Project Management 

Key concepts of projects and elements of project cycle, Project creation; Starting a new project; Creating tasks; Task Scheduling and relationships, Network analysis techniques, Critical Path analysis, PERT; Constraints and deadlines; Resource mobilization and costing; Monitoring and controls, rescheduling; Preparation of outputs e.g. use of Gantt chart, network diagrams and reports; Project Termination and reports; Project Communication and conflict management in Project environment; Project preparation; Case studies

2

5

PCP

354

Human Resource Management 

Leadership Styles; High Performance Leadership; Channels of Communication; Staff Supervision, Motivation and Reward; Conflict Management; Time management; Organizational Skills; Emotional and Cultural Intelligence; Human resource management; Human resource planning; Design of job advertisements; Recruitment; Placement and training; Job evaluation; Performance appraisals; Determination of pharmaceutical skill mix; Capacity development and on the job training.

4

6

PCP

355

Drugs/Substances of Global Concern

Fake, counterfeit and substandard Products (Out of Specification Products); Control of narcotics and psychotropic substances; Drug abuse; Detection Method; Reporting Procedures; Socio-economic Impact; Current National and Global efforts in dealing with the problem (Including decriminalization and rehabilitation efforts); International conventions; The Role of Interpol; Overview of relevant Laws; Methods of Control; Global trends in Pharmaceutical Trade; Drugs in Sports

2

7

PCP

356

Pharmacy Practice Regulation

Good Pharmacy Practice, Registration of pharmacists, support staff and pharmaceutical premises; Patent and Parallel Imports; Pharmacy Premises & business Licensing; Drug and Premises Inspection; Professional Ethics: National and International Codes of Ethics, Relevance and Implications of Laws and Ethics; Regional harmonization of pharmacy practice: Training and Laws; Civil and criminal liabilities and disciplinary procedures in different jurisdictions; Regulations of Pharmacy Practice; Case studies.

 

4

8

PCP

357

Healthcare Financing

Overview; Financial Planning and Management; Health Care Financing; Financing of Pharmaceuticals: Strategies, Sources and Models (Government Financing, Donor Financing, User Fee, Drug Revolving Fund, Health Insurance Scheme, Managed Care Financing, Public-Private Partnership, Other Models); Budgeting; Financial Sustainability Assessment; Economics of Drug Management, Medicine pricing and its attendant matters

 

2

 

 

Sub-specialties

 

 

9

PCP

451

Pharmaceutical Education

Philosophy of Education and history of pharmaceutical education; Approaches to teaching and learning; Preceptorship; Curriculum development models; Training Needs Assessment/determination methods; Internship and Experiential training models and application to pharmacy; Adult and distant education. The use of ICT in training; In service training approaches; Tools for assessing education and training programmes and outcomes; Concepts, Models, Planning and Organisation of Continuing Professional Development programmes; Role of National Accreditation Bodies, Regulatory Bodies and Professional associations in pharmaceutical education.

10

10

PCP

452

Pharmacy and Drug Regulation

Global Overview of history and evolution of drug regulation; The general principles of medicines regulation , Drug regulation in West Africa; Guidelines for Medicine Promotion & Donation; Narcotic Laws and Regulation, Evaluation of country pharmaceutical situation and policy; Evaluation of pharmacy/drug and related laws; Evaluating Pharmacy programmes; Drug Registration, Clinical trials regulations (including biosimilars and biologics); Market Authorization;  Post market surveillance, Quality Certificates, Drug Master files; Adverse drug reactions reporting system; Product information; Licensing  procedures; Use of unlicensed medicines; Drug inspection planning and management, Pharmaceutical Audit inspections, Regulation of Medical devices, Cosmetics, herbal preparations, and food supplements; Challenges of drug regulation, Case Studies

 

10

11

PCP

453

Pharmaceutical Sales and Marketing

Marketing and economics in pharmacy; Market Segmentation, Target Marketing, & Marketing Strategies; The pharmaceutical market, open market, pharmaceutical market analysis, customer analysis, price analysis, purchasing methods, channels of Medicine /product distribution, wholesale and retail distribution, packaging, advertising, product life cycle, marketing strategies during periods of shortages, inflation and recession, communication and promotion, budgetary control of sales. Patient needs and the consumer buying process; The sales force, Sales Forecast Methods, Setting Drug Sales Prices and Drug Sales Revenue, Medical Representatives (functions/responsibilities), Market surveillance (data collection on sales), Product Launch, Post Marketing Surveillance (PMS), Basic principles of public relations. Case studies

10

12

PCP

400

Seminar

Presentation on selected topics

4

13

PCP

401

Residency II (Sub-specialty)

Experiential Learning

30*

14

PCP

402

Dissertation (Sub-specialty)

Research Work

12

                         

Total

 

80

               

 

*1 unit is equivalent to 8 hours of experiential lear